Thursday, October 25, 2007

PUBL.- The Transformation of the Gender Order in Tajik Society, Sofia Kasymova

Distrib. by: Central-Eurasia-L - Announcement List for Central Eurasian Studies

PUBL.- The Transformation of the Gender Order in Tajik Society, Sofia Kasymova

Posted by: Sofia Kasymova <>

New publication

In September 2007, the first scientific gender study in Tajikistan had
been published. The title of this study is "The Transformation of the
Gender Order in Tajik Society" by Dr. Sofia R. Kasymova, PhD (Social
sciences), Director of the Center of Gender Education. The
publication is available in soft binding, volume is 230 pages. It is
published in Dushanbe in the Russian language.

Monograph is devoted to analyzing of gender orders of Tajikistan
society in the context of transformation processes of soviet and post
soviet periods in Tajikistan. The book consists of three chapters.

The first chapter examines issues of relationships of power and
gender. In the context of concrete historical settings the structure
of power that consists of correlation of domination and subordination,
mechanisms of control and enforcement, institutional and individual
violence in family and society has been described. Author pays
particular attention to roles of state in establishment of gender
order, examines phenomenon of gender policy of soviet Tajikistan as
well as women related policies undertaken by sovereign state of
Tajikistan at present stage.

The second chapter of this book is analyzing social division of labor
between men and women in fields of public economy and household taking
the example of Tajik society in the historical dimension. Gender
division of labor is analyzed not as an isolated structure, but as a
part of global order, gender order of the system of production,
consumption and distribution that is based on primary division of
labor on paid work and house work or male and female work. Growth of
female employment in post soviet Tajikistan as well as dynamics of
participation of women in the field of productive relations during
soviet period was subject to research.

In the third chapter, the sphere of private life of individuals and
groups is examined through the analysis of marital and family
relations, particularly, polygamous. Besides, motherhood that is
perceived as key social function of women in the context of classic
patriarchic cultures has been subject to analysis. Private sphere is
defined as a space where women have more possibilities of maneuvering
and thus having certain power and resources as compared to public
space. Publication further describes how changes of behavior practices
impact the pattern of traditional marital and family relations and
erotic and sexual relations of individuals and certain groups.

Essentially, the author pays attention to analysis of gender status of
women in public sphere that is explained as follows. Firstly, gender
policy of soviet state was mainly aimed at involvement of women to
public sphere through public and labor activities that were focused on
formation of soviet citizen - working mother. Secondly, specifically
change in gender status of woman in public sphere is a key indicator
measuring extent of changes of gender relations at micro and macro
levels. Thirdly, in contemporary world qualitative and quantitative
indicators of women's participation in public labor, public and
cultural life, politics, and education show the degree of
democratization and liberalization of particular society, country and
state. Primarily, above mentioned is relevant to Muslim societies that
are particularly sensitive towards category "woman" and factors
surrounding her.

The book is addressed to sociologist and all other persons interested
in gender issues in post soviet Muslim Central Asian societies.

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