PUBL.- "Peace Strategies in 'Frozen' Conflicts: The case of Nagorno-Karabakh"
Posted by: Aytan Gahramanova <email@example.com>
Aytan Gahramanova (2007): "Peace strategies in 'frozen'
ethnoterritorial conflicts: Integrating reconciliation into conflict
management: The case of Nagorno-Karabakh", Mannheim Social Research
Center Working Paper, No. 103, 2007
The working paper argues for the need of a re-conceptualization of the
peace building approach in the context of the South Caucasus. In this
regard, using the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict as a case study, it is
argued that peace strategies based on a sequential approach (i.e.,
conflict settlement followed by peacebuilding) is harmful for positive
conflict transformation, both in terms of sustainability of the
settlement and long- term structural change especially in protracted
Therefore, peacebuilding should take place in accordance with concrete
and feasible goals to be achieved; this implies that peacebuilding can
be supportive in a protracted, or "frozen," pre-settlement phase ("no
peace, no war") and can facilitate the peacemaking/conflict settlement
process through positive transformation. Hence, peace building is
suggested to be linked to conflict management and reconciliation
goals. By analysing the nature of conflict transformation in the case
of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict the corresponding entry points for
peacebuilding activities with a special focus on socio-cultural and
political aspects are recommended by the author.
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